The area has been in the grip of of some very cold weather. Among those who will suffer the worst this season are pets - dogs and cats left outside for long periods of time and forced to weather the biting winds and extreme cold.
Pet owners across the area can use these simple tips to ensure that this winter is a safe and happy season for their pets. Michigan Humane Society strongly urges that all pet owners allow their animals to reside inside, especially during extreme weather. However, if people leave their pets outdoors for any length of time, they are required by Michigan state law to provide them with adequate food, water and shelter.
Adequate shelter for dogs, as defined by state law, means a well-built, insulated, slant-roofed dog house. The interior should be just large enough for the dog to stand and to lie down comfortably. It should be slightly elevated from the ground for air circulation. The door should face away from prevailing winds and have a protective flap to eliminate drafts.
Clean, dry straw should be provided for bedding rather than towels, rugs or blankets, which absorb moisture and freeze in frigid temperatures.
Several types of inadequate shelter frequently encountered by MHS cruelty investigators include an unheated garage or shed, a dog house that is too large or lacks straw, or dogs simply tied out to a porch, fence or deck with no shelter at all.
The following additional tips will help pet owners care for their animals responsibly during cold weather:
- When temperatures plummet, pets should not be left outside for any length of time. Bring small or short-haired pets in when temperatures reach 15-20 degrees Fahrenheit. Larger breeds and thick-coated dogs may remain outside, with adequate shelter, to a temperature of zero.
- Precipitation and wind chill should also be taken into account.
- Cats should be kept indoors or at least brought into a warm, animal proofed garage during severe weather.
- Roaming cats often seek the warmth of car engines, so be sure to knock on the car hood or honk the horn before starting your car to startle them and give them a chance to escape.
- Increase the amount of food by 10-20 percent for dogs left outside during the winter months. The extra calories are needed to help an animal to stay warm.
- Regular access to clean, unfrozen water is also critical. Check drinking water frequently - every few hours - to ensure that it is unfrozen.
- If an animal is cold to the touch, or his paws and ears are pale, he may be suffering from frostbite. Move the animal to a warmer area and contact your veterinarian immediately.
Report pets left outside without proper shelter. This animal cruelty should be reported to local law enforcement. Failing to provide proper provisions for pets can result in misdemeanor animal cruelty violations carrying a sentence of up to 93 days in jail, up to a $1,000 fine, community service, and loss of pet ownership for a specified amount of time.
For more information about pet safety, please visit www.michiganhumane.org, or call 1-866-MHUMANE.